Tag Archives: litho

Bladder Stones

Bladder stones are small masses of minerals that precipitate in your bladder. These develop with urine in your bladder becomes very concentrated causing minerals in the fluid to crystalize. Concentrated stagnant urine is usually the result of not being able to completely empty your bladder. Dr. Carlo Oller, emergency physician, talks about bladder stones. Dr. Carlo Oller Board Certified Emergency Physician Please visit my website, www.DrER.tv make sure you subscribe, comment, and share! That is the best way to show your support.

Kidney Stones

Dr. Carlo Oller educates about kidney stones in this more detailed explanation of the disease.

What are kidney stones?

— Kidney stones are just what they sound like: small stones that form inside the kidneys. They form when salts and minerals that are normally in the urine build up and harden.

Kidney stones usually get carried out of the body when you urinate. But sometimes they can get stuck on the way out. If that happens, the stones can cause:

Pain in your side or in the lower part of your belly

Blood in the urine (which can make urine pink or red)

Nausea or vomiting

Pain when you urinate

The need to urinate in a hurry

How do I know if I have kidney stones?

— If your doctor or nurse thinks you have kidney stones, he or she can order an imaging test that can show the stones.

How are kidney stones treated?

— Each person’s treatment is a little different. The right treatment for you will depend on:

The size, type, and location of your stone

How much pain you have

How much you are vomiting

If your stone is big or causes severe symptoms, you might need to stay in the hospital. If your stone is small and causes only mild symptoms, you might be able to stay home and wait for it to pass in the urine. If you stay home, you will probably need to drink a lot of fluids. Plus, you might need to take pain medicines or medicines that make it easier to pass the stone. Stones that do not pass on their own can be treated with:

A machine that uses sound waves to break up stones into smaller pieces. This is called “shock wave lithotripsy.” This procedure does not involve surgery, but it can be painful.

A special kind of surgery that makes very small holes in your skin. During this surgery, the doctor passes tiny tools through the holes and into the kidney. Then he or she removes the stone. This is called “percutaneous nephrolithotomy.”

A thin tube that goes into your body the same way urine comes out. Doctors use tools at the end of the tube to break up or remove stones. This is called “ureteroscopy.”

What can I do to keep from getting kidney stones again?

— One simple thing you can do is to drink plenty of water. You might also need to change what you eat, depending on what your kidney stones were made of. If so, your doctor or nurse can tell you which foods to avoid. Your doctor or nurse might also prescribe you new medicines to keep you from having another kidney stone.

How to prevent kidney stones?

  • Carlo Oller (emergency physician with www.DrER.tv) has put together more than 1800 FREE patient education videos which can be found at www.patienteducation.video
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